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Clubroot is a serious soil-borne disease of crucifer crops. The crucifer family includes vegetable crops like cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower as well as field crops such as canola and mustard. Clubroot attacks the root system of these plants and restricts sufficient water and nutrients for above-ground plant parts.
6.3 million spores per gram of soil.Clubroot can only spread through resting spores in the soil. These resting spores are most likely to spread by contaminated soil carried from field to field by equipment, but can also be contributed to the movement of soil by water & wind erosion, soil in hay or straw, wildlife and humans.
Clubroot was added as a declared pest to the Agricultural Pests Act in April 2007. The owner or occupant of land has the responsibility of taking measures to prevent the establishment of any pest on land, property, and livestock, and to control or destroy all pests on the land or property. Enforcement of pest control measures is the responsibility of the municipal authority Kneehill County ASB. By virtue of the office, the Agricultural Fieldman is a pest inspector under the Agricultural Pests Act. Pest inspectors have the power to enter land at any reasonable hour, without permission, to inspect for pests and collect samples.
Control measures for Clubroot are specified in the Alberta Clubroot Management Plan. It is important to understand that these control measures represent an acceptable minimum standard that is to be applied in all municipalities across the province. Municipalities, however, can adopt more stringent standards within their own jurisdictions.
Fusarium Head Blight has a wide host range that includes all small grain crops, corn, and many wild and tame grass species.
The main pathogen that causes Fusarium Head Blight (FHB) typically overwinters in crop and grass residues on or in the soil, as well as in seed. Seedlings can become infected at emergence. Wind-borne spores are formed in fruiting structures formed on old infested crop residues and are then spread by wind to infect florets when the grain is at the flowering stage. Warm, moist weather worsens the infection. A second rain-splashed spore stage can form on infected head tissue.
The common symptom is premature bleaching or blighting of heads. Partially blighted heads are most common. Florets may have a pinkish or orangish appearance near their base. The seeds in blighted heads do not fill properly and appear shriveled and bleached. See photos: FHB Symptoms
Short distance spread occurs via the dispersal of fungal spores that are blown by the wind from one cereal field to the next. Long-distance spread occurs through the transportation of infected crop residue or seeds.
Fusarium Head Blight (FHB) is caused by several species of a fungal pathogen, Fusarium. The most important Fusarium species affecting Alberta is Fusarium graminearum. Results regarding the occurrence of F. graminearum, based on testing by a range of private and public organizations using different methodologies and involving a range of plant tissues (e.g. seed, heads, crowns, and nodes), have been consistent. F. graminearum was either not or infrequently isolated from seed and crop residues from central to northern Alberta. In contrast, F. graminearum was more frequently isolated from seed, cereal residues, corn residues, and head tissues from fields in southern Alberta, especially under irrigated production. Moreover, over the period from 2001 to 2008, this pathogen is being isolated with increasing frequency, especially in southern Alberta. Outside of southern Alberta other less damaging species of Fusarium are typically associated with FHB symptoms. A laboratory certificate showing that the seed lot in question was tested and found to be non-detectable for F. graminearum must accompany all cereal and corn intended for use as seed in Alberta. See Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development’s Fusarium graminearum Management Plan: Alberta Fusarium Graminearum Management Plan
Producers must avoid planting seed that is infected with F. graminearum. The seed of susceptible crop species must be tested by a seed testing laboratory and only seed with non-detectable levels of F. graminearum is to be used for seeding purposes.
Although infected seed can cause seedling blight, it typically does not directly give rise to head blight symptoms in one growing season. The fungus will move from the infected seed to the root, crown, and stem base tissues of the plant that develops from the infested seed, thus creating potential sources of infested residue that can impact subsequent crops. The buildup of the pathogen would typically be favoured by the production of successive host crops and favourable weather.
To help slow down the buildup of infested crop residues a crop rotation away from cereals to non-hosts, including canola, pulses, and forage legumes should be considered for at least 2 years. This will allow enough time for the infested residue to decompose before the next cereal crop is seeded.
Using the least susceptible varieties will help to reduce the risk of fusarium head blight and perhaps the potential for buildup of F. graminearum. For more information on FHB reactions of registered cereal varieties see the Varieties of Cereal and Oilseed Crops for Alberta document.
Producers growing small grain cereals under irrigation may be able to reduce the risk of head and seed infection and mycotoxin contamination by careful water management and integrating this with crop rotation, choosing a resistant variety if available, and using fungicide if warranted. If possible, irrigation should be avoided during the flowering period to help prevent humid conditions that favour infection. In addition, it is recommended that producers consider increasing seeding rates, which helps to reduce tiller formation and shorten the flowering period for the entire crop, thus reducing the time that irrigation should be avoided. For further information on using irrigation management to minimize FHB, see the ARD Factsheet.
In-crop fungicide application may be considered, but may only provide suppression of the disease at best. Application before infection, as well as sprayer and nozzle settings, will be critical. Consult provincial chemical guides and extension publications for more information.
Grant applications and criteria are available electronically on the Kneehill County website or can be picked up at the Kneehill County Administration building.
No other form of application will be accepted.
The entire amount of financial support received through the Community Grant program must be used exclusively for the project described on your Community Grant Application.
Questions about the Community Grant Program? Call or email Carolyn Van der Kuil at Kneehill County, 403-443-5541.
Visit the Council Contacts page to find Contact information for each Division Councillor. View our Election District Map to find out which division you live in.
There is a Contact Us link at the bottom of each page.The main office phone number is 1-403-443-5541 or Toll free at 1-866-443-5541.Email: email@example.com
See the Council page for the Procedural Bylaw.All meetings of Council are open to the public, however, you have to be on the agenda in order to speak to a subject.
October 22, 2021
No. Horseshoe Canyon and Orkney Viewpoint are closed for the season and will re-open for hiking in the spring of 2022.
September 16, 2021
Yes, the Kneehill County office is open to the public. Stop by during regular business hours (Monday to Friday, 8:30 am - 4:30 pm) for in-person services.
Face masks are required. Physical precautions (barriers) and COVID-19 protocols (sanitizing, etc.) will remain in place to ensure resident and staff safety. Please continue following all AHS recommendations for COVID-19, and do not visit the Kneehill County office if you are sick.
For your convenience, the following County services are available from the comfort of your home:
If you need assistance or are unsure how to access our online services, please contact Kneehill County, 403-443-5541, or firstname.lastname@example.org.
September 16, 2021.
Council meetings are open for public attendance. Residents can also watch Council meetings online on Kneehill County’s YouTube channel. A link to the live stream is made available on the homepage of the Kneehill County website the morning of the Council meeting.
*Please note, face masks are required, and attendance may be limited to allow for physical distancing.
April 8, 2021
Kneehill Regional Family and Community Support Services are here to help and support residents during COVID-19. Call 403-443-3800 to connect over the phone, or to make an appointment. Calls will be answered between 9 am - 12 pm, and from 1 pm to 4 pm.
If you schedule an in-person appointment with KRFCSS, please follow all protocols set in place for COVID-19 to protect volunteers, staff, clients, and our communities.
The COVID-19 pandemic can have a significant impact on mental health.
Kneehill Regional FCSS
Online resources are available if you need advice on handling stressful situations or ways to talk to children.
If you need to talk, call the 24-hour help lines:
Additional resources are available at alberta.ca/mentalhealth.
Wellness Together Canada: Mental Health and Substance Use Support
The Wellness Together Canada mental health and substance use support portal gives access to psychological and social supports for you or someone you know. The portal provides free online resources, tools, apps and connections to trained volunteers and qualified mental health professionals.
If you’re struggling to cope, you don’t have to do it alone. Togetherall offers a safe, and anonymous community to connect from anywhere, at any time. Visit https://togetherall.com/en-ca/ for more information.
The Alberta Government has resources to help explain COVID-19 to children. Download Frequently Asked Questions on Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) for Young Children and Students.
Neighbours helping Neighbours Program
Kneehill Regional FCSS is offering additional supports to assist area residents confined to their homes. They are looking for volunteers to assist with supplementing what regional businesses are already offering, whether it’s helping someone with their grocery shopping and dog walking or other errands – any little assistance you can offer will go a long way for someone in need.
Find out more: Community Helpers, Neighbours Helping Neighbours during COVID-19.
Canada Emergency Response Benefit (CERB)- Ended September 26,2020
Even though the CERB has ended, you can apply for a period retroactively. The CRA is continuing to accept and process retroactive applications for period 7 (August 30 to September 26, 2020) through the CRA’s My Account or automated toll-free phone line.
Transition from CERB to Employment Insurance (EI)
The Government of Canada announced changes to the Employment Insurance (EI) program and New Recovery Benefits that will better support Canadians.
If you were receiving CERB, you may be eligible for one of the new recovery benefits retroactive to September 27, 2020, and available until September 25, 2021.
Learn more about the transition from CERB to Recovery Benefits
Learn more about COVID-19 support for Individuals and Families.
Canadian businesses, non-profit organizations, or charities who have seen a drop in revenue due to the COVID-19 pandemic may be eligible for a subsidy to cover part of their commercial rent or property expenses, starting on September 27, 2020, until June 2021.
This subsidy will provide payments directly to qualifying renters and property owners, without requiring the participation of landlords.
To be eligible for this program, businesses must:
Must have had a CRA business number on September 27, 2020, or had a payroll account on March 15, 2020, or another person or partnership made payroll remittances on your behalf or purchased the business assets of another person or partnership who meets condition 2 above, and have made an election under the special asset acquisition rules
Learn more or apply for the Canada Emergency Rent Subsidy here: https://www.canada.ca/en/revenue-agency/services/subsidy/emergency-rent-subsidy/cers-how-apply.html
Local businesses and non-profits continue to be seriously impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. In response, Community Futures Wild Rose will be offering additional $40,000 small business loans as part of the Government of Canada’s Regional Relief and Recovery Fund. The RRRF loan zero-interest until January 2023 and intended to help rural small and medium-sized businesses cover ongoing costs and help them resume normal business operations after COVID-19.
Learn more about the Government of Canada’s Regional Relief and Recovery Fund here:
If you are a Canadian employer who has seen a drop in revenue due to the COVID-19 pandemic, you may be eligible for a subsidy to cover part of your employee wages, retroactive to March 15. This subsidy will enable you to re-hire workers, help prevent further job losses, and ease you back into normal operations.
To see if you are eligible for the Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy, please visit: http://ow.ly/UP7d50CH9FL
To learn more about the Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy or make your application online, visit: http://ow.ly/kNB450CH9FM
The Small and Medium Enterprise Relaunch Grant offers financial assistance to Alberta organizations (businesses, cooperatives, and non-profits) that were ordered to close or curtail operations, and that experienced a revenue reduction of at least 30%, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. This program has been revised to include unregistered sole proprietors and new businesses that opened between March 1 – October 31, 2020.
Learn More: https://www.alberta.ca/sme-relaunch-grant.aspx
One-time funding to help rodeos, sports, arts, and other venue-based organizations offset financial losses through a one-time grant of up to 25 percent of eligible expenses based on 2018 and 2019 financials. Apply by midnight on February 18. Learn More: https://www.alberta.ca/stabilize-program.aspx
Provides financial support up to $1 million to businesses that have been hardest hit by the pandemic, including those in the tourism and hospitality industry and those relying on in-person service. Learn more about this program from your financial institute.
Government of AlbertaCOVID-19 Information for Albertan’sAlberta Health Services’ latest health information and advice for Alberta.The Public Health Agency of CanadaCOVID-19 Outbreak Updates and more information.
An outbreak of respiratory illness, now known to be caused by a novel (new) coronavirus, was first identified in Wuhan, China on December 31, 2019. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the virus a public health emergency. The novel coronavirus disease has been given the name COVID-19.
COVID-19 is a serious health threat, and the situation is evolving daily. The risk varies between and within communities, but given the number of cases in Canada, the risk to Canadians is considered high.
You should get tested if you have any COVID-19 symptom.
If you have any of these CORE symptoms you are legally required to isolate for at least 10 days from the start of your symptoms or until they resolve, whichever is longer:
If you have any of these other symptoms, stay home and minimize your contact with others until your symptoms resolve:
Monitor your health and call Health Link 811 if you have questions or concerns. Call 911 immediately if experiencing severe symptoms of COVID-19, including difficulty breathing, severe chest pain, feelings of confusion or loss of consciousness.
You should get tested if you have any COVID-19 symptoms.
If you have any of these core symptoms, you need to isolate for at least 10 days from the start of your symptoms or until they are gone, whichever is longer, or until you test negative for COVID-19. Financial support may be available if you experience a loss of income.
Any symptom: Stay home and limit contact with others until symptoms are gone. Testing is recommended.
1 symptom: Stay home for 24 hours, get tested if symptoms don’t improve.2+ symptoms: Get tested and stay home until well or the test is negative.
Monitor your health and call Health Link 811 or your health care provider if you have questions or concerns. Call 911 immediately if experiencing severe symptoms of COVID-19, including difficulty breathing, severe chest pain, feelings of confusion, or loss of consciousness.
Adults over 18
Children under 18
Book a Test
If you have symptoms or known exposure to COVID-19, you must stay home and book your test online with AHS assessment tool or call Health Link 811.
Take the COVID-19 assessment / Book a test
Albertans 14 years old or older can access test results online through MyHealth Records, a secure Alberta government service that helps keep track of your health information.
July 1, 2021
In Stage 3, isolating and quarantining help prevent the spread of COVID-19 by reducing the number of people you could infect if you're sick. Both require staying home and avoiding situations where the virus could spread.
Albertans are legally required to:
Learn more about isolation requirements: https://www.alberta.ca/isolation.aspx
We all have a responsibility to help prevent the spread of COVID-19 in Alberta. Take steps to protect yourself and others.
Practice good hygiene
Monitor your symptoms
Isolate or Quarantine if Required
Isolation and quarantine requirements are in place for individuals with COVID-19 symptoms or who have been exposed to a COVID-19 case. Modified requirements are in place for individuals who are partially or fully vaccinated.
Visit https://www.alberta.ca/prevent-the-spread.aspx for more information.
Create a Household Action Plan
Talk with the people who need to be included in your plan.
Prepare for Isolation
Financial support is available if you’re unable to work because you are sick, required to isolate, or are caring for someone in isolation.
Hotel rooms may be available if you can’t isolate safely in your own home.
October 5, 2021
Alberta has declared a state of public health emergency as COVID-19 cases and hospitalizations continue to rise. New health measures to help slow the spread of COVID-19 apply provincewide. Visit Alberta.ca for more information.
Read on: New vaccine requirements and COVID-19 measures in Alberta.
Updated COVID Guidelines for Business & Events
Alberta has declared a state of public health emergency. COVID-19 cases and hospitalizations continue to rise, largely in unvaccinated Albertans. New measures to protect the health care system, stop the spread, and increase vaccination rates come into effect starting September 16 - 20.
Starting September 20, discretionary events and businesses must follow one of these 2 options:
Businesses that implement the Restrictions Exemption Program can operate as usual if they only serve people (ages 12 and over) who have:
Businesses do not need to apply for the program. Audits and enforcement will occur to ensure rules are followed.
Learn more about the new public health actions and how they may affect your business here: https://www.alberta.ca/covid-19-public-health-actions.aspx
See what supports are available for your business here: https://www.alberta.ca/biz-connect.aspx?fbclid=IwAR2DaOUWYEz7busJUTnhwtFHJ51CeOhDAIq1-N7cwCaNuCgoPYohmqoTEUU
Federal Census 2016 result is 5,001 residents in Kneehill County.The overall population including all municipalities within Kneehill County boundary is 11, 205 (Including Town of Three Hills, Town of Trochu, Villages of Linden, Carbon and Acme).
Zoning information can be found in our Land Use Bylaw and Municipal Development Plan. Refer to the Planning pages for those documents.
Visit our Changing Your Address page for a fillable form. You can also email the main office at email@example.com or phone 403-443-5541 for more information.
Visit the Assessment page for general information on assessments. You can contact Caroline Siverson at 403-443-5541 should you have questions about your assessment.
Council passes the taxation bylaw annually in April/May. Combined Tax and Assessment Notices are mailed out in May and due on October 31.
You can pay your Kneehill County bills online through your Canadian Financial Institution's website. You must add Kneehill County as a payee, and choose either Taxes, Utilities, or General. These account numbers can be found on your invoices. Please visit our Making a Payment page for more information.
Kneehill County accepts cash (during open business hours only), cheque, Interac debit, and online banking. We now accept credit card payments on everything except tax accounts. Visit our Making a Payment page for more information.
Because of our rural area, 911 dispatch will, in many cases depending on the situation, dispatch the area fire department to provide extra assistance. Our volunteer fire fighters are trained as First Responders.
Fire permits are mandatory all year round, including in the winter months. Fire Permits can now be accessed online. See the Burn Permits page for more information.
Fire Guardians issue the permits. A Fire Guardian is any Fire Chief from within the County of the Emergency Management Coordinator.
1st Offense: $500
2nd Offense: $750
3rd Offense: $1000
No, a permit is not required for:
a) an incinerator fire, either domestic or any commercial or industrial type incinerator that is required to be licensed under the Environment Protection and Enhancement Act
b) a fire that is set for the purpose of cooking or obtaining warmth
c) a smudge fire that is set for the purpose of protecting livestock from insects
d) fires set for the purpose of training firefighters
e) controlled burns conducted by the County
However, please be aware that burning barrels are not permitted in Hamlets.
In the interest of public safety and the preservation of valuable property and resources, the Council of Kneehill County adopted a Fire Protection and Emergency Services Bylaw on August 19th, 2003. Requirements for burn permits came into place at that time.
Kneehill County will publish any fire bans that come into effect on both the County website and Facebook page.
In addition, you may also visit the Alberta Fire Ban Website.
Under the Environment Protection and Enhancement Act, there is a list of debris that is prohibited to burn.
It is prohibited to burn any flammable waste that when burned may release dense smoke, offensive odors, or toxic substances, which includes:
Waste collected in Wimborne, Huxley, Swalwell, and Torrington takes place Thursday mornings. Please visit our Hamlet Garbage page for more information.
Depending on where you live, there are transfer sites in many areas that Kneehill County residents have access to including Torrington, Three Hills, Trochu, Carbon, Linden, Acme. Visit our Transfer Sites page for more information.
Kneehill County is a partner in the Drumheller & District Solid Waste Association. Recycling is part of its mandate and we have various recycling options set up at the various transfer sites in Torrington, Three Hills, Trochu, Acme, Carbon, and Linden. Visit our Transfer Sites page for more information.
Kneehill County has many transfer sites (Torrington, Three Hills, Trochu, Linden, Carbon, and Acme). Not all sites take all products. The Transfer Sites page details what is accepted at each location, hours of operation as well as location.
Maps may be purchased from the Kneehill County office during regular business hours. Ownership map may also be viewed on the website under Maps.
24 inch- $10.00, 32 inch- $15.00, 42 inch- $20.00, 60 inch $30.00, Map Book- $25.00 (+ GST)
A Council Division map can be found on the Map page. The map has the division breakdown according to Election Districts.
The gravel being sold through the Gravel Blitz program is from the Hand Hills area, where the aggregate resource lies within a clay-based soil, unlike some other areas which produce sand/silt-based gravel.
The stockpiled gravel was to be crushed to an Alberta Transportation Highway specification which is common for most municipalities to use, but the larger amount of fine clay content found in the aggregate passed through the smaller sieves during the crushing process.
Clay-based soils provide a binder for aggerate and help keep it in place on the roadway more than sand-based or manufactured fine-based gravel does, however, when graded-up the clay-based gravel tends to produce a slimy top when wet.
When not graded frequently, the clay-based gravel will form a very hard base which is ideal for residential and farm use, including farm/bin yards, driveways, base gravel under concrete, and areas that are heavy with gumbo to make a bridge between soils.
To convert m3 to tonnes, multiply m3 by 1.81. (ex. 300 m3 x 1.81 = 543 tonnes)
Health Canada now recognizes the science says there is a public health benefit to reducing lead exposure to levels that are as low as possible. The guideline is intended to minimize public health risks from lead content in drinking water. It now has a lower maximum acceptable concentration for lead in drinking water. This places Canada with one of the lowest targets in the world for lead in drinking water.
You will have your water tested for lead and receive the test results within 14 days of the County receiving the results from the laboratory. A test result will only represent a moment in time; however, it identifies any potential concerns with lead levels in your water. You can use this information to make informed health decisions. Your assistance will help Kneehill County discover any issues with lead in the water system.
Kneehill County Utilities will work with you to complete additional sampling to confirm that the previous test was accurate. If the second test also exceeds the guidelines, the County will provide information on ways you can reduce your exposure.
Kneehill County's water supply is safe and clean, and meets the new Health Canada guideline. However, the most common sources of lead in drinking water are “at the tap.” In other words, in the plumbing in your house and if you have lead service lines on your property.
Residents who think their homes may have lead fixtures can take measures to reduce their risk of lead exposure.
Residents can contact Health Link 24/7 for health information on lead exposure toll-free at 811. The following websites also have good information on how to reduce potential lead exposure.
Water Talk: Reducing your exposure to lead from drinking water
Common questions about lead and drinking water
Drinking water: what about lead?
We take reservations for all of our campgrounds (Keiver’s Lake, Bracconier Dam, Swalwell Dam, and Torrington) through the Let’s Camp reservation system.
For more information on camping, visit our Parks & Campgrounds page.
Kneehill County has its own campgrounds at Keiver's Lake, Bracconier Dam, Swalwell Dam, and Torrington Campground. Other campgrounds in our area include Three Hills, Trochu, Acme, Carbon, Linden. Visit the Parks & Campgrounds page for more information regarding our region.
Development permits are generally required for any construction (including new construction, additions, and structural renovations), change of use of land or a building, or a change in the intensity of land or building use. Examples of developments requiring permit approval include expansion of an existing approved business, a mobile home, a structural alteration to an existing building, the relocation of an existing building, a fence over 3 feet in height (when located in a front yard, and 6 feet when located in side yards).
Visit our Development Permit page for more information.
An approved development permit is good for 1 year, unless otherwise specified on the development approval. If construction has not been commenced within that time, the permit is considered null and void and a new application for development will be required.
Processing fees are set by the Master Rates Bylaw and vary by type of development. Visit our Development page for more information.
Mobile homes 20-35 years of age are considered discretionary use in the Land Use Bylaw and will be taken to the Municipal Planning Commission for approval.
Mobile homes over 35 years of age are prohibited.
Mobile homes must be compatible with other buildings in the vicinity and must be CSA approved. They must be placed on a permanent foundation and completely screened from view by skirting within 60 days of placement of the unit.
A Development Permit and Building Permit are required for a mobile home as well as electrical, plumbing, gas, and private sewage permits.
Visit our Development page for more information.
Yes, if the deck is 2 feet or more off the ground. Ensure you install 36” handrails and 42” handrails if the deck is 6 feet or more off the ground. The verticals must have a maximum spacing of 4”.
A Development Permit and Building Permit are required. Visit our Development page for more information.
View our Road Closures page for up to date closures in our area. Weight restrictions and bans can be found on our Road Bans page, as well as Roadata information.
Applications for Dust Control are available every spring.
There is a deadline for dust control to ensure we can prepare and complete the dust control project in time. Visit the Dust Control page for more information.
The graders are on a rotation. Kneehill County has over 1900 kilometers of gravel roads and 10 grader divisions. We attempt to have all grading completed in each division within 1.5-2 months. We attempt to have all snowplowing of gravel roads completed as soon as possible, depending on weather.
Dead animals on County roads will be dealt with by the Transportation department (call County office at 403-443-5541). Provincial and Secondary highways are the responsibility of Emcon Canada Inc. (1-800-390-2242).
There are many private companies in our area. Visit the Residents page for more information.